Volcanoes and Earthquakes MCQs

1) The earthquake waves which have transverse movement are known as _________
(A) Primary waves
(B) Secondary waves
(C) Surface waves
(D) None of the above

2) In the study of which of the following areas the instrument of 'Seismograph' is used?
(A) Stars
(B) Rivers
(C) Earthquakes
(D) Volcanoes

3) During an earthquake, the major destruction is caused by the energy released due to _________
(A) Sound waves
(B) Light waves
(C) Seismic waves
(D) A combination of sound waves and seismic waves

4) Which of the following measures the strength or magnitude of an earthquake?
(A) Douglas scale
(B) Richter scale
(C) Rankine scale
(D) Kelvin scale

5) "Ring of Fire" refers to the ring of volcanoes present in __________
(A) Ring of earthquakes
(B) Five permanent members of UN
(C) Circum-Pacific seismic belt
(D) Five continents

6) Which of the following is a post volcanic activity?
(A) Earthquake
(B) Lava ejection
(C) Thermal Spring formation
(D) Typical behavior of the animals

7) Volcanic eruptions occur due to _________
(A) Excessive heat inside the earth
(B) Pressure in the batholith
(C) Lateral displacement of plates
(D) Conversion of rocks in the deeper layers of earth's crust to a molten state of magma

8) Which of the following factors is responsible for occurrence of earthquakes?
(A) Sudden cooling and contraction of the earth's surface
(B) Activity of some dormant volcanoes
(C) Change of water into steam due to internal heat and its expansion
(D) All of the above cause earthquake

9) A crack in the earth's crust through which not magma and gases forces out is called
(A) Eruption
(B) Volcano
(C) Break
(D) Crack

10) Which Island was epicenter of Tsunami on 26, December 2004?
(A) Jawa
(B) Sumatra
(C) Bali
(D) None of them

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